SDHF Newsletter No.337 “Comfort Women” All Signed a Contract of Agreement —Impact of the Ramseyer Article Series No. 6: Chapter 4: Comfort Stations were Neither Illegal Nor Evil but Necessary in Battlefield
“Comfort Women” All Signed a Contract of Agreement
—Impact of the Ramseyer Article
Arima Tetsuo, Professor, Waseda University
(English Translation: Society for the Dissemination of Historical Facts)
Series No. 6: Chapter 4: Comfort Stations were Neither Illegal Nor Evil but Necessary in Battlefield
Scholars who criticize Ramseyer regard the comfort women system as evil.
As mentioned in Chapter 1 of this book, all armies have only three options concerning their soldiers’ sexual activity in war zones, even today. 1) ignoring rapes, 2)ignoring the use of prostitutes or 3)establishing military brothels to control soldiers’ sexual behavior.
Japanese military comfort stations wee established for the prevention of venereal disease and rapes by soldiers. Comfort stations were establishments and station owners agreed to abide by the Japanese army’s strict hygienic measures and contraceptive management.
Prof. Yoshimi Yoshiaki says that in order to prevent rape, Japanese soldiers should have been severely punished. However, since it can be said and cannot be actually done military administrations in every country contended with this issue. The Soviet army chose 1) and its results are well known. Japanese residents in Manchuria experienced Soviet soldiers rampant rapes. In Berlin Soviet soldiers’ rapes were extraordinary leaving many unwanted babies. US army did not officially chose 3), but it is now recognized that US army established military brothels in Italy, Morocco and Algeria. In the European continent front heavy rapes were spread according to a book written by American scholar.
The comfort women system was an extension of Japan’s licensed prostitution system. The two systems were similar in terms of an up-front advance, term of service and the relationship between a woman and her manager. As far as licensed prostitution was legal, the comfort women system was also legal. While the latter had involvement of the Japanese army. But forced conscription did not took place, so it was legal.
MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact