SDHF Newsletter No.270 Book Review Race difference in ethnocentricism
The Travel Diaries of Albert Einstein: The Far East, Palestine & Spain 1922-1923
Edited by Ze’ev Rosenkranz
Princeton University Press, 2018
Reviewed by Tadashi Hama
March 27, 2020
Albert Einstein described his travels to the Far East in 1922 and 1923. Mr. Ze’ev Rosencranz edited Einstein’s diary and published it 2018 (Princeton University Press).
Dr. Hama reviewed the book and suggests it vividly depicts 1920’s Asia, especially of Warlord era China and Taisho Era Japan.
Einstein’s solemn views on contemporaneous China and the characteristics of the Chinese are well presented in his diary, for example, on November 10, when he visited Kowloon Peninsula:
Even the children are spiritless and look lethargic. It would be a pity if the Chinese supplant all other races… Yesterday evening, three Portuguese middle-school teachers visited me, who claimed that the Chinese are incapable of being trained to think logically and that they specifically have no talent for mathematics. I noticed how little difference there is between men and women; I don’t understand what kind of fatal attraction Chinese women possess that enthralls the corresponding men to such an extent that they are incapable of defending themselves against the formidable blessing of offspring.
In contrast, his views as a European of Japan are not so grim. On arrival in Kobe, November 17, 1922, he described the Japanese as “… unostentatious, decent, altogether very appealing.” With respect to the intellectual capacity of the Japanese, after a few weeks of lecturing and visiting academic institutions, on December 5, Einstein wrote, “Intellectual needs of this nation seem to be weaker that their artistic one—natural disposition?” While appreciative of Japanese art, based on his wide-ranging thoughts on the Japanese, one cannot claim that Einstein was definitely a Japanophile or even remotely Sinophobic for that matter.
The reviewer concludes that Einstein’s Asia writings are more valuable compared to those of so-called Sinophobes. For some, perhaps subjective considerations are used to determine “value” rather than historical accuracy. Those that may be wondering why so many pandemics originate in China may also want to review Einstein’s diary—his detached observations suggest a basis.
MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact